What is Rulership?
Anarchism is defined as opposition to rulership. All anarchists are in principle against rulership. Every type of anarchist agrees. But what is rulership? That is a question about which anarchists have many, often radically different, opinions. Here is a list of interpretations of rulership, from the narrowest bare-bones definitions to the most all-encompassing definitions. The anarchist schools favoring that conception of rulership are noted.
|Compulsory government aka political authority - the right to rule & duty to obey
(king, president, dictator, junta, legislature, ...)
|Anarchism without Adjectives;
|Any use of aggression, defined as non-consensual initiation of force or threat of it
(Non-aggression principle, or law of equal freedom)
|Voluntaryism; NAP-based anarchism;
liberal anarchism; most anarcho-capitalists are voluntaryist
|Any use of aggression, or use of "commons" without compensating others
(Georgist principle - natural resources cannot be owned outright, but must be rented from the community)
|Geoism (ne Georgism); like anarcho-capitalism but without sticky property in land and natural resources|
|Any use of aggression, or control of productive resources in absentia.
(Possession principle - resources must be personally used by the owner(s) to retain ownership)
|Mutualism; like anarcho-capitalism except with stricter abandonment conditions|
|Any use of aggression, or profit ("usury") derived from the labor of others.
(Soft socialist exploitation principle - usually based on the labor theory of value or unequal bargaining power)
|Voluntaryist anarcho-socialism; against sticky property but considered a vice, not a crime (so would not be forcibly opposed)|
|Any profit ("usury") derived from the labor of others. Aggression is okay to stop usury.
(Hard socialist exploitation principle, allowing aggression to expropriate profits and capital goods aka "MOP")
|Aggressionist anarcho-socialism; sticky property is considered a crime, so would be forcibly opposed|